It is assumed that analogies constitute one important component of teachers’ practice in a CLIL lesson, as the same concept can be represented in more than one type of relationship which helps refine understanding and promote cognitive flexibility, and new unfamiliar learning can be connected and taught using a familiar context.
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are usually thought to be different from each other, but that have something in common. Analogies help us understand something because they are compared to something we already know. Learning analogies can help reading and building vocabulary.
Used as a warm-up at the beginning of any lesson, these mini-task analogies help students focus on thinking and problem-solving skills.
Analogies can be fun to learn! Analogy games make learning analogies even more exciting!
Available in printable, PDF format:
You will need:
• A copy of Worksheet 1 (it should be cut along the lines) for each pair of students.
1. Explain what an analogy is (see the introduction), and present it as a game where all students have to figure out what goes with the last word. As students often get confused with what analogies are and how to use them, you should give them a few examples to make it easier to understand.
Bird is to feather as dog is to . (fur)
Hot is to Africa as is to the North Pole. (cold)
2. As it might still sound a little confusing, you could let them watch these two fun videos to get a better understanding of what analogies are and to learn different analogy types:
3. Explain to the students that colons “:” are used in a special way in analogies.
: = is to
:: = as
4. Once the students have understood what to do, copy these easy analogies on the board to do a little bit of group practice before doing the exercises in pairs:
Choose the best choice to complete the analogy:
1. banana : yellow :: cherry :
white purple red
2. apple : red :: peach orange green pink
3. snow : white :: coal :
grey black brown
4. blackberry : black :: raspberry :
yellow red orange
5. sun : yellow :: sky :
blue violet red
6. grapes : purple :: pineapple ::
brown white yellow
7. chocolate : brown :: sugar :
yellow pink white
8. lime : green :: lemon :
pink orange yellow
9. orange : orange ::
5. Distribute copies of one section to every pair of students sitting
together and give them ten minutes to complete the task. Do this (using different sections) everyday as a warm-up/routine before the lesson starts.
6. As an extension activity you can ask each pair of students to create their own analogies to be completed by the rest of the groups.
7. Praise everyone’s effort.