Scotland is a country in the northern part of Great Britain. There are lots of mountains, forests, beaches, rivers and lakes in Scotland. It has nearly eight hundred islands many of which are uninhabited. It is famous for bagpipes, the Loch Ness monster, whisky, and red-heads. How much do you know about Scotland? Find out more here.

Quick facts about Scotland:

  • Scotland has its own parliament which makes laws for Scottish people. The parliament is found in the capital city, Edinburgh.
  • About five million people live in Scotland. Most people live in the south of the country.
  • There are three different languages in Scotland. Gaelic, which is only spoken by 2% of the population nowadays, is an old Celtic language which bears little resemblance to English. Most people in Scotland speak English and Scots. Some words in Scots are the same as English but others are very different.
  • One of the traditional dishes in Scotland is haggis, neeps and tatties. Haggis is the sheep’s innards cooked in the sheep’s stomach and mixed with spices. Neeps is the Scottish word for turnips, and tatties is what Scots call potatoes. Scotland is also known for its seafood, salmon and trout.
  • The national flower in Scotland is the thistle.

thistle butterfly

  • The Fringe (The Edinburgh Festival Fringe) is the world’s largest arts festival and is celebrated in Scotland every year.
  • Nessie is the most famous Scottish monster. It is said that the Loch Ness Monster lives in the deepest loch (lake) in Britain.
  • The traditional national dress is called a kilt. Different clans and families have their own tartan.
  • The most popular sport in Scotland is football.
  • The famous Scottish Highland Games are a combination of culture and sport that are celebrated all over the world.
  • The Scottish flag is blue with a white X-shaped cross called the St. Andrew’s cross on it.
  • Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland and his day is celebrated on November 30th throughout Scotland.
  • The national animal for Scotland is the unicorn.

Now that you know a bit more about Scotland, hopefully one day you will be inspired to visit or to find out more about this fascinating country!

highland cow


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